WATER SANITATION AND HYGIENE PROGRAMME
RAPID: Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development.
The Date Here or location
CARE is currently implementing a program aimed at building resilient livelihoods for the host communities of Garissa County. The program is a 5 year activity being implemented in five counties of Northern Kenya. The model utilizes assets, experience and innovation of the private sector by leveraging with the public capital to address inadequate water access and poor governance of natural resources in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands.
The program therefore aims to increase access to safe water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem and nutrition security.
Kenya RAPID strongly supports the Ending Drought Emergencies Common Program Framework launched by the Government of Kenya in November 2015. The framework recognizes the fact that “Sustainable management of rangelands, water, crops, and increasing the contribution of livestock to the pastoral economy are critical to resilient livelihoods in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands.” By the end of the project in 2020, the program actions will contribute to its overall goal of sustainable and resilient livelihoods.
The intermediate outcomes to achieve this goal are grounded on three strategic objectives
1. A responsive and accountable governance framework is in place and operational at county government level that ensures sustainable provision of water and pasture;
2. Replicable and scalable business models for sustainable WASH and livestock service delivery have been developed and operationalized; and
3. Communities have increased access to sustainable WASH services and improved rangeland management.
Funded by USAID, SDC, the private sector and foundations, Kenya RAPID is being implemented in Northern Kenya targeting to impact 350,000 people. CARE is the implementing partner of Garissa County targeting to benefit 70,000 people.
To address sustainability, the program has adopted two strategies:
1. Project implementation facilitation approach (PIFA)
2. Public-private partnership (PPP).
The PIFA model uses a structure constituted by a number of county directorates but the backbone ones are water, health, agriculture, livestock and education. This structure is called the county program steering committee (CPSC) whose responsibility include sites targeting, coordination, and supervision, monitoring and reporting. The CPSC ensures program actions are anchored on the county integrated development plan and therefore is directly complementing the county government priorities. The PPP model tries to create linkages with the private sector in the sectors of finance support, business skills, innovations and access to markets.
Of the overall 350,000 people the program targets to benefit across the 5 arid and semi-arid counties, CARE aims to impact on 70,000 people in Garissa County through the provision of safe drinking water. The program wholly focuses on the host communities in which case the Dadaab refugee camps are not direct recipients of this resources. At the end of 2019, a total of 48,010 comprised of 24,965 men and 23,045 women were reached.
Three water governance documents – the policy, water Act and strategic plan developed. Through the mandate of the Water Act, urban and rural water corporations have been created. They will help address governance gaps that are impediments to satisfactory service delivery in the sector.
Worked with a number of private sector entities to improve service delivery. Symba Renewal Energy Company installed Solar system for water pumping to support one irrigation scheme. JUANCO Biological Company linked to irrigation group farms to provide extension services as well as negotiated prices for farm inputs supplies. PROMACO to train milk women groups on diversified milk products and linked 11 SMEs to KCB foundation for financial services.
Access to safe water supply for 48,010 beneficiaries ensured basic access threshold of 21 liters/day/capita was addressed. Seven of 25 targeted CLTS (community led total sanitation) communities attained open defecation free (ODF) status thence reversed the occurrence of waterborne diseases such as Cholera cases. Introduction of closed conduits PVC canals at three irrigation group farms with a total of 780 members to replace earth trunk canals improved water flow rate, reduced on high water pumping costs that resulted to increased cultivation land, introduced annual and seasonal crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers and water melons. Diversification of crops to compliment conventional perennial crops increased the groups’ incomes due to improved market supply of the other new crops such as tomatoes etc.
Private Sector Partners
Private sector approach was first to create linkages by use of the program resources. The first step was to create linkages, introduce existing innovations that improve service delivery and stimulate demand.
SYMBA RENEWAL ENERGY
JUANCO BIOLOGICAL COMPANY